KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit

KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit

KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit. Undoubtedly. Take your electronics skills to the next level with the KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit! Build your own compact stereo digital FM transmitter and broadcast your favorite music with ease. Challenge yourself with this project and impress your friends with the clear, sharp sound produced by this innovative circuit. Get your hands on the KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit today and dive into the exciting world of digital FM transmission. Let’s get building!

FM transmitters and receivers are popular electronic project topics, but constructing a digital FM transmitter can be a challenging task for electronics enthusiasts. This project introduces a compact stereo digital FM transmitter circuit that operates within the 87MHz to 108MHz frequency range. The frequency can be adjusted using tactile push-buttons with a 0.1MHz step size. The circuit is powered by an ATMega8 microcontroller, which communicates with a 0.96-inch SPI OLED display and the KT0803L FM transmitter chip via an I2C interface. You can connect a microphone or AUX cable directly to the board to broadcast audio from your phone or computer. Testing revealed that the circuit operates stably and produces clear, sharp sound.

Schematic and PCB design were done using Altium Designer 23, with feedback and updates shared with friends using Altium-365. The Octopart component search engine facilitated quick component information access and BOM generation. Gerber files were sent to PCBWay for high-quality board fabrication. Using this circuit promises to be an enjoyable and rewarding experience.

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Specifications

  • Input Voltage: 7-9VDC
  • Current Consumption: 50mA
  • Frequency Range: 87MHz to 108MHz
  • Frequency Step Size: 0.1MHz
  • AUX Input: Stereo

Schematic KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit

Schematic Kt0803L Stereo Digital Fm Transmitter Circuit
Schematic

Power Supply

P2 is an XH connector to apply power to the board. The input voltage could be something between 7-9VDC. FB1 and C11 build a low pass filter to reduce input noises. REG2 is the TLV1117-5.0 [1] regulator to prepare the +5V voltage rail. C12 and C13 are used to stabilize the output voltage of the regulator and reduce noise. REG1 is the TLV1117-3.3 regulator [2] to prepare the +3.3V voltage rail. D1 is an LED to indicate the proper supply connection, and C10 and C14 are used to stabilize the output and reduce the noise.

Microphone Input

P1 is an XH connector to connect your electret microphone to the board. C8 is a decoupling capacitor to reduce the noise, and R6 prepares a supply rail for the microphone. C9 removes the signal DC element and Q1 [3] amplifies the weak microphone signals to be delivered to the FM transmitter chip.

Logic Level Converter

T1 and T2 are 2N7002 N-Channel Mosfets [4] that are used to convert the 5V I2C logic level from the microcontroller (U2) to the 3.3V logic level to be applied to the FM Transmitter chip (U1). R2, R3, R7, and R8 are pull-up resistors to complete the circuit.

 FM Transmitter

The main component of this part is the KT0803L chip (U1) [5]. S1 is an SMD headphone jack used to connect an AUX cable to the board. This allows you to transfer sound from your mobile phone, PC, or other device to the board. C5 and C6 are used to transfer the acoustic signal to U1. C2 and C3 are decoupling capacitors, and ANT is a UFL connector that provides an interface for your telescopic antenna to the board.

Microcontroller and Display

The heart of the circuit is the ATMega8-AU microcontroller (U2) [6]. C15…C18 are decoupling capacitors to reduce the noise. R10 is a pull-up resistor for the RESET pin. LCD is the SPI 0.96-inch 128×64 OLED display, as shown in Figure 2. C19 is a decoupling capacitor for the supply pin of the LCD. SW1 and SW2 are tactile pushbuttons to increase and decrease the frequency. C20 and C21 are used to debounce the pushbuttons, and r11 and R12 are pull-up resistors. ISP prepares the necessary AVR-ISP pins to flash the MCU. Although not mandatory, you may choose to solder a pin header in place.

Code and Programming

If you just want to build the project, the same way as it is, simply download the HEX file from here [7] and program the microcontroller. Set the MCU Clock Fuse Bits to 8MHz, Internal.

If you plan to modify the code, below is the MCU code for the Arduino platform. Make sure to add this FM library [8], this SPI OLED library [9], and the MiniCore board manager library [10] to your Arduino IDE. Set the clock source on Internal, 8MHz.

  #include   #include   #include "SSD1306Ascii.h"  #include "SSD1306AsciiSpi.h"    #define CS_PIN 7  #define RST_PIN 9  #define DC_PIN 8  #define Down_Key 15  #define UP_Key 14    float frequency = 87.0;  float tolerance = 0.001;    SSD1306AsciiSpi oled;  void setup() {    fmtx_init(frequency, EUROPE);    oled.begin(&Adafruit128x64, CS_PIN, DC_PIN, RST_PIN);    oled.setFont(Adafruit5x7);    pinMode(Down_Key, INPUT);    pinMode(UP_Key, INPUT);    oled.clear();    oled.set2X();    oled.println("   FM-TR   ");    oled.setRow(3);    oled.setCol(40);    oled.set2X();    fmtx_set_freq(frequency);    oled.println(frequency, 1);  }    void loop() {    if (digitalRead(Down_Key) == 0 && frequency > 87.0) {      delay(130);      frequency = frequency - 0.1;      fmtx_set_freq(frequency);      if (frequency < 100.0) { oled.setRow(3); oled.println(" "); oled.setRow(3); oled.setCol(40); oled.println(frequency, 1); } if ((frequency - 100.0) >= -tolerance) {        oled.setRow(3);        oled.println("           ");        oled.setRow(3);        oled.setCol(35);        oled.println(frequency, 1);      }    }    if (digitalRead(UP_Key) == 0 && frequency < 108.0) {      delay(130);      frequency = frequency + 0.1;      fmtx_set_freq(frequency);      if (frequency < 100.0) { oled.setRow(3); oled.println(" "); oled.setRow(3); oled.setCol(40); oled.println(frequency, 1); } if ((frequency - 100.0) >= -tolerance) {        oled.setRow(3);        oled.println("           ");        oled.setRow(3);        oled.setCol(35);        oled.println(frequency, 1);      }    }  }    

BOM KT0803L Stereo Digital FM Transmitter Circuit

’Designator Qty •Mfg Part # Description / Value
ANT 1 U FL-R-SMT-1 (80) 1 Inner needle IPEX Board Edge 1 25 mm
C1, C4 2 HGC0805G0150J500NTGJ 15pF-50V 0805 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors
C2. C15, C20. C21 4 0805B105K500NT 1uF-50V X7R ±10% 0805 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors
C3, C5, C6. C7. C8. C9. C16, C17. C18, C19 10 0805B104K500NT 100nF-50V X7R ±10% 0805 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors
C10, C12 2 0805×106K250CT 10uF-25V X7R ±10% 0805 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors
C11 1 RVT100UF25V67RV0011 100uF-25V SMD. D6.3xL7.7mm Aluminum Electrolytic Cap
C13, C14 2 0805B475K250NT 4 7uF-25V X7R ±10% 0805 Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors
D1 1 NCD0805Y1 Yellow 0805 Light Emitting Diodes (LED)
FB1 1 CBG321609U222T 1206 Ferrite Beads
LCD 1 Unknown SSD1306 128×64 0 96 SPI OLED Display Module. Yellow-Blue
P1, P2 2 XH-2PA Plugin, P=2.5mm Wire To Board
01 1 MMBT3904 NPN SOT-23 Bipolar Transistors
R1, R2. R3. R6, R7. R8. R10, R11, R12 9 0805W8F4701T5E 4 7kQ 0805 Chip Resistor
R4 1 RMC08052 2K1%N 2.2kQ 0805 Chip Resistor
R5 1 SCR0805J100K 100kQ 0805 Chip Resistor
R9 1 AECR0805F330RK9 330Q 0805 Chip Resistor
REG1 1 LD1117-3.3 3.3V Positive SOT-223 Linear Voltage Regulators
REG2 1 LD1117-5.0 5.0V Positive SOT-223 Linear Voltage Regulators
S1 1 C2939584 3.5 mm Headphone Jack SMD Audio Connectors
SW1, SW2 2 TP10721645 SMD SPST SMD Tactile Switches
T1. T2 2 2N7002 500mA N Channel SOT-23 MOSFET
U1 1 KT0803L Monolithic Digital Stereo FM Transmitter Chip
U2 1 ATMEGA88PA-AUR 8 KB AVR 20MHz 23 LQFP-32(7×7) Microcontroller Units
Y1 1 X308032768KGB2SC 32 768kHz 12.5pF ±10ppm DT-38 Crystals
Kt0803L Stereo Digital Fm Transmitter Circuit
Kt0803L Stereo Digital Fm Transmitter Circuit

Download files, links, and notes

SOURCE: https://www.pcbway.com/blog/technology/Stereo_Digital_FM_Transmitter_Circuit_64d799f3.html

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Xtronic.org blog author. Electronics technician for the technical school of Brasilia - Brazil. Interested in electronics, circuits and technology in general.
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