TDA8954 high power Class-D amplifier board 420W

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TDA8954 TDA8953 high power Class-D amplifier circuit with PCB for 1X 420W mono bridge (BTL) or 2x  210W Single Enable (SE) stereo  that is suitable for pin-to-pin compatible TDA8953TH, TDA8954TH or TDA8955TH NXP Semiconductors’ devices. Extension “TH” is referring to the HSOP24 package.

About the class d amplifier board

Our Power AMP circuit uses the TDA8953TH / 54th / 55th chips. Here the NXP Semiconductors CIS with Suffix Th with SMD mounting and Hsop24 encapsulation will be used. The board can be used in stereo or bridge mode by simply configuring a jumper on the PCB and changing the connection in the input and output. The power supply must be the symmetric type, and may be of a wide voltage range.

Features DA8954 high power Class-D amplifier 420W

  • Wide symmetrical supply voltage range
  •  Single Ended (SE) or Bridge Tied Load (BTL) output configuration
  • Very high power capability
  • Low THD+N
  • Low noise
  • AC-coupled differential inputs
  • High efficiency
  • Selectable Thermal Fold Back and current limiting to avoid audio interruptions
  • Low power consumption in standby-mode
  • Fixed frequency
  • Diag functionality for Protections and Temperature (not for TDA8953TH)

Table of use of different chips

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DeviceTDA8953TDA8954TDA8955
Power supply (V)+-12 … +-42,5+-12 … +-42,5+-12 … +-42,5
typical power+-41+-41+-37
Typical output power SE (WRMS)2x 210¹2x 210¹2x 150¹
 Typical output power BTL (WRMS)1x 420²1x 420²1x 300²
Iocp (A)12.512.59.2
DIAG TEMPNoYesYes
DIAG ALARMNoYesYes

(1) – Note: Load: 4Ω
(2) – Note: Load: 8Ω

 Pin description TDA8954, TDA8953. TDA8955

SymbolPinDescription
VSSA1 negative analog supply voltage
SGND2 signal ground
VDDA3 positive analog supply voltage
IN2M4 channel 2 negative audio input
IN2P5 channel 2 positive audio input
MODE6 mode selection input: Standby, Mute or Operating
mode
OSC7 oscillator frequency adjustment or tracking input
IN1P8channel 1 positive audio input
IN1M9 channel 1 negative audio input
DIAG110diagnostic output 1 (open drain; TFB)
OSCREF11 reference for OSC pin
DIAG212 diagnostic output 2 (open drain; protection functions)
PROT13 decoupling capacitor for protection (OCP)
VDDP114 channel 1 positive power supply voltage
BOOT115channel 1 bootstrap capacitor
OUT116 channel 1 PWM output
VSSP117 channel 1 negative power supply voltage
STABI18 decoupling of internal stabilizer for logic supply
n.c.19 not connected
VSSP220channel 2 negative power supply voltage
OUT221channel 2 PWM output
BOOT222channel 2 bootstrap capacitor
VDDP223 channel 2 positive power supply voltage
VSSA24 negative analog supply voltage

Mode selection

  1. STANDBY mode – The STANDBY mode is incorporated to reduce the power consumption.
  2.  MUTE mode – In MUTE mode, the stabilizer will be enabled (internal logic biased). The power stage is enabled and starts switching. The gain is reduced to zero
  3. OPERATING mode with thermal foldback. In the OPERATING mode, the gain of the device is gradually increased to 30 dB per channel to avoid pop-noise due to DC output offset voltage (see figure 5). The complete start-up sequence will take less than 500 ms in a typical application. Thermal foldback is active.
  4. OPERATING mode without thermal foldback. In the OPERATING mode, the gain of the device is gradually increased to 30 dB per channel to avoid pop-noise due to DC output offset voltage. The complete start-up sequence will take less than 500 ms in a typical application. Thermal foldback is disabled.

Operation of circuit mode
The impedance in the pin mode is 50k according to the datasheet, with the S1 switch connected to the ground we will have 0V on pin mode and the chip will be in stand-by (0 – 0.8v), with S1 (on-off) switch off from the ground have about 2.5V in the mode pin of the TDA9854, entering the MUTE mode (2.2 to 3V), with the S3 (MUTE) switch off from the ground we will have about 4.5V in the pin mode entering operating mode (4, 2 to 5.5V), with the S3 (TFB) switched off from the GND have about 6.5V on the mode pin, the chip will be in operation mode with active TFB (6.6 to 8V). With Zener DZ1, maximum voltage will be 7.5V. C39 will cause the process to fit soft, no noises on the speaker.

Small keys have been added to the printed circuit board, however, the front of the cabinet can be added and connected by wires the printed circuit board. Also prefer can skip the mute key and add only stand-by key, it is also recommended to make a jumper instead of the TFB key, leaving enabled.

But if you prefer not required to use any of the keys.

The TDA8954TH and TDA8955TH are both equipped with advanced diagnostic circuitry that shows activity of the protections (DIAG ALARM) or a temperature warning above 139°C (DIAG TEMP). The  board is equipped with two LED’s that show activity of both diagnostic lines. 

The TDA8953TH/54TH/55TH devices utilize two advanced limiting features, respectively the Thermal. Fold Back and cycle-by-cycle current limiting, to avoid audio holes (interruptions) during normal operation. The Thermal Fold Back feature will reduce gradually the output power until the global junction
temperature reaches the threshold level of 154
°C (OTP). Therefore the amplifier junction temperature will always stay within the Safe Operating Area. In addition to these limiting features the device has several protection features that makes the TDA8953TH/54TH/55TH family very robust during a fault condition.
The following protections are incorporated:

  • Window Protection WP
  • Under Voltage Protections UVP
  • Over Voltage Protection OVP
  • Unbalance Protection UBP
  • Over Current Protection OCP
  • Over Temperature Protection OTP
  • Clock protection

Speaker configuration and impedance Class-D amplifier
For a flat-frequency response (second order Butterworth filter) it is necessary to change the low pass filter components L3 and C15/C25 according to the speaker configuration and impedance. The table below is showing some practical example values for a resonance frequency of 50kHz:

 

 Configuration Impedance (Ω)L1/L2 (μH)C29/C30 (nF)
SE3 – 615680
4 – 622470
6 – 833330
BTL6 – 1215680
8 – 1222470
12 – 1633330

The boards are standard equipped with 15μH and 680nF for 2 x 4Ω SE or 1 x 8Ω BTL.

Inductor
The inductor should have value selected according to the table above. Here I used 15uh commercial inductors using core T80-2, has 22mm diameter core and about 52 AWG wire turns. Finally you can use Ready or wrapped inductor your own.

Heat sink
A 35mm (l) x 100mm (C) x 30mm (A) heat sinkwas used, the heat sink must have a flat part where 2 holes will be made to be screwed. You should add an insulation between the sink and the CI metallic pad is connected to the VSS. Also the heat sink will be connected to the ground via R3 of 10 ohms or C9 100NF (use the resistor or capacitor) for better EMC performance.

Tda8954Th Pad Tda8954 Amplifier, Amplifier Tda, Audio, Circuits, Class D, Power Amplifier, Power Amplifier Circuit, Tda, Tda8954 Tda8954 High Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W
Tda8954Th Pad

Power supply
You can use symmetric power supply with wide voltage range, here in the tests I used a + -35V symmetric switch with CI TDA8954 on the PCB. The circuit around Q1 will be the 5V is the source to alarm and temperature diagnostic circuit.

Stereo connection (SE) and bridge (BTL) of the power amplifier
To connect stereo is only to connect the SJ1 and SJ2 jumpers 1 to 2. The input connection will be on both connectors, respecting the polarity, same thing for audio output.
To (BTL) is only connecting the SJ1 and SJ2 jumpers from 2 to 3. The audio input connection will be on pin in1 (J1), respecting polarity. The audio output will be connected to the Pins (+) of the OUT1 connectors (J5) and OUT2 (J4).
For a version 2.1 with 3 channels, simply mount 2 boards and use a stereo and another as a bridge bass channel to the subwoofer.

Class D Power Amplifier Schematic

Schematic Tda8954 Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W
Schematic Tda8954 Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W

Printed circuit board for tda8954 power amplifier

 

Bottom-Layer Pcb Tda8954 Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W
Bottom-Layer Pcb Tda8954 Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W
Top-Layer Pcb Tda8954 Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W
Top-Layer Pcb Tda8954 Power Class-D Amplifier Board 420W
Component Viewr Top Tda8954 Power Amplifier 420W
Component View Top Tda8954 Power Amplifier 420W
Component View Bottomtda8954Th Power Amplifier
Component View Bottomtda8954Th Power Amplifier

Part list the amplifier with TDA8954th

PartValorDescriptionQuantity
Capacitors
C1, C38100pF/50VCapacitor SMD 0805 NP0 5%2
C2, C1547uF/50VElectrolytic capacitor L2 mm, D5.6 mm2
C3, C4470uF/50VElectrolytic capacitor L5mm, D13mm2
C522µF/160VElectrolytic capacitor L3.5mm, D8mm1
C6, C7, C35, C36470n/63 or 100VFilm Capacitor L5mm, D5.5mm4
C8, C9100nF 50VCapacitor SMD 0805 10%7
C10, C37330p/50VCapacitor SMD 0805 NP0 5%2
C12, C13220nF/50VCapacitor SMD 0805 X7R 10%2
C14220pF/50VCapacitor SMD 0805 NP0 10%1
C16470nF/50VCapacitor SMD 0805 X7R10%1
C17, C18, C19, C20,C21, C22, C31, C32100nF/100VCapacitor SMD 1206 X7R 10%8
C23, C2415nF/50VCapacitor SMD 0805 X5R 10%2
C25, C26, C27, C28220p/100VCapacitor SMD 0805 NP0 10%4
C29, C30680n/63 or 100VFilm Capacitor L5mm, D5.5mm2
C31, C32100n/100vCapacitor SMD 1206 X7R 10%2
C33, C341n/100VCapacitor SMD 0805 X7R 10%2
C39100uF/16VElectrolytic capacitor L2.5 mm, D5.6 mm1
Connectors
J1IN1Terminal block 2 pin 5.08mm1
J2IN2Terminal block 2 pin 5.08mm1
J3DCTerminal block 2 pin 5.08mm1
J4OUT2Terminal block 2 pin 5.08mm1
J5OUT1Terminal block 2 pin 5.08mm1
Inductor
FB1, FB2Murata BL01RN1A1D2 or equivalentBead Axial 7A2
L1, L215uHCoil > 10A2
Semiconductors
IC1TDA8953TH or TDA8954TH or TDA8955THIntegrated Circuit Audio Amplifier Class-D – NXP Semiconductors1
LED1TEMPLed 3mm Yellow (DIAG TEMP)1
LED2ALARMLed 3mm red ( DIAG ALARM)1
D3, D4, D5, D6US1MG or equivalentDiodo Fast Recovery 1kV 1A SMA4
DZ15V6 – Zener 5.6V 500mWZener Diode SMD LL-341
DZ27V5 – Zener 7.5V 500mWZener Diode SMD LL-341
Q1MBT5551 (G1) or equivalentTransistor NPN 160V SMD SOT231
Q2, Q3S9015 (M6) or equivalentTransistor NPN -50V SMD SOT232
Resistors
R1, R4, R20, R22220 (221)Resistor SMD 0805 5%4
R20 (0)Resistor SMD 08051
R310 (100 or 10R0)Resistor SMD 0805 5% (optional)1
R6, R7, R19, R215.6K (562 or 5601)Resistor SMD 0805 1%4
R9, R10, R13, R1410 (100 or 10R0) 0.25WResistor SMD 1206 1%4
R1130K (303 or 3002)Resistor SMD 0805 1%1
R12, R25, R26, R28, R2910k (103)Resistor SMD 0805 5%5
R15, R1622 Ohms 1W (220)Resistor SMD 2512 5%2
R27, R301k (102)Resistor SMD 0805 5%2
R31, R325.6k (562)Resistor SMD 0805 5%2
R333.3k (332)Resistor SMD 0805 5%1
R3412k (123)Resistor SMD 0805 5%1
Diversos
S1ON/OFF (On Off)Chave SPDT SS-12D02-VG4 -Korean Hroparts Elec1
S2MUTE (Mute)Chave SPDT SS-12D02-VG4 – Korean Hroparts Elec1
S3TFB ( Thermal FoldBack )Chave SPDT SS-12D02-VG4 – Korean Hroparts Elec1
Weld, wires, PCB, box, power supply, heat sink
Download the file to assembly the power amp Class D

Download         Mirror

Included files in PDF, PNG and Gerber of the boards.

Download of Datasheet in PDF of the components used

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5 thoughts on “TDA8954 high power Class-D amplifier board 420W”

  1. Hai Mr. Toni i am using your tda 7294 180watt its working very will since 2years with out any problem its working and i want sch and board files i wanted to add preamp to this TDA8954 high power Class-D amplifier board 420W circuit kindly send to my email id is [email protected] i hope you will send the files to me thanking you.

    Reply
  2. Good morning Mr. Toni am requested for sch and Board file of TDA8954 high power Class-D amplifier board 420W (Toni | June 1, 2021 | Circuits, Amplifier, Audio) to add my preamp and for 5.1 circuit please send sch and brd file or you can send me design block file (. dot DBL file) please send me

    Reply
  3. Hai Mr. Toni i am using your tda 7294 180watt its working very will since 2years with out any problem its working and i want sch and board files i wanted to add preamp to this TDA8954 high power Class-D amplifier board 420W circuit kindly send to my email id is bhavanicomputers(@)gmail.com i hope you will send the files to me thanking you.

    Reply

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